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Vista (Vista) - an operating system of the Windows NT family, used on personal computers. Retail sales began on January 30, 2007.
This system was expected by many, Microsoft itself promised, almost a revolution in the field of IT, but Vista, despite strong marketing support, remained a system that users cursed more than praised.
Having brought it more or less to perfection in 2009, Microsoft switched to the development and implementation of a new OS - Windows 7, which, nevertheless, will include quite a few functions of its predecessor.
Despite the conflicting reviews, there are many rumors about Vista that make it difficult to evaluate her real capabilities. Let's debunk the main ones.
To work with Vista, you have to buy a new PC or laptop. The most widespread rumor is that the new OS requires a lot of hardware resources. This statement is fueled by the same hardware manufacturers. However, this is not quite true. For displaying the Aero Glass interface, for example, an old ATI X700 video card in a mid-range computer is enough. Old computers or inexpensive new items may well be equipped with Vista, but the beauty of the revolutionary, according to Microsoft, interface will have to be forgotten. But this will in no way entail changes in the functionality of the OS. But by installing Vista, the user will receive improved security, improved search and many other functions. To use Aero Glass, no one bothers to buy a video card or RAM later.
Vista will solve all your security problems. While Microsoft praises Vista's security capabilities, it, like any other system, cannot be completely protected from intruders. So don't forget to configure your firewall and antivirus. In Vista, the program code was significantly rewritten, including those related to network technologies. Therefore, old vulnerabilities may well be replaced by new ones. But this rule holds true for any new product in the software world, so Vista is no exception. As a matter of fact, security updates for the OS began to come out even at the stage of its testing. Since the release of Vista, 2 service packs have already been released that eliminate a large number of vulnerabilities. Installing them is the basis of protective measures to ensure the security of the system.
Vista is comparable in reliability to Windows XP SP2. Many unfairly argue that Vista has no advantages in terms of reliability over its predecessor. Some Symantec officials have even said that Microsoft has deliberately hidden some vulnerabilities, which in fact makes the new OS more vulnerable than its predecessor. Nobody denies that Windows XP really works with the latest updates. However, Vista has received several new security enhancements that were simply not there before. User Account Control (UAC) was introduced, which guarantees against attacks related to abuse of rights. This technology is used by Internet Explorer 7, which prevents web applications from accessing system folders. This mode does not work in IE7 in XP. Vista Enterprise and Vista Ultimate introduces Bitlocker Drive Encryption, which prevents unauthorized users from accessing data on a lost laptop. Vista has implemented a whole range of protective measures that strengthen the capabilities of the system. For example, the Network Access Protection client allows administrators to restrict connections to corporate networks for computers without antivirus or proper updates.
Vista is just an updated beautiful interface. The innovations in protective functions have already been mentioned above. Most often, users are struck by the beautiful appearance of the system. Powered by Aero Glass, transparent window borders, 3D animations and lots of visual effects are truly mesmerizing. However, in addition to this, new features have appeared that have improved the functionality of the system:
• improved search capabilities. You can now find programs, documents, and other items from the Start menu;
• There are new applications that improve the business capabilities of the user - Windows Calendar (drawing up a calendar with a list of tasks), Windows Contact (noticeably updated address book). Windows Mail replaced Outlook Express. The user has at his disposal several useful utilities, for example, the Snipping Tool, to take a screenshot;
• major changes have been made to Windows Explorer. Now you can view the reduced content of not only graphic, but also other files in the preview window. Explorer is now equipped with automatic horizontal scrolling, it is now possible to select files using the checkbox buttons, rather than holding Ctrl.
A lot of nice and useful things have appeared. Now, when renaming a file, the default extension remains the same. And all these functions are available and work regardless of whether Aero Glass is enabled or not.
It is impossible to combine Vista and another OS on one computer. This is a strange statement, according to which it is Vista that does not provide an opportunity to install another OS and select the desired option when loading. Although you can enable XP in the boot menu, only Vista is shown on the Boot shortcut in the msconfig system configuration utility. Now in Vista there is no boot.ini file, which contained information about the boot configuration. They can be found in the Boot Configuration Data (BCD). The system is started using Windows Boot Manager. You can change the boot information using the system utility bcedit.exe.
Vista comes with Office 2007 or requires it to work. Many users complain about Vista's shortcomings, mentioning the functional elements of MS Office 2007. But these are different packages! It is widely believed that the old, proven Office 2003 will not work in Vista. And this is not true. It is generally accepted that the cost of implementing Vista is high, however, it often includes updating an office suite to a new version, which is not necessary. Moreover, contrary to rumors, nothing prevents you from installing a free analogue, in fact, a competitor to Microsoft products - Openoffice.
Old apps and devices will not be able to run on the new OS. Indeed, there are a number of programs that worked in XP, but will not be able to work under Vista, among them - system utilities, antivirus programs. However, there are few of them. The vast majority of products will be able to fully function under Vista. Sometimes you need to install or run programs in compatibility mode (you can select this mode in the application properties), or run them as an administrator. Vista even has a Program Compatibility Assistant, thanks to which you can customize programs, eliminating conflicts with UAC. There is also a Program Compatibility Wizard, which must be operated manually from the control panel. As for hardware devices, manufacturers were in no hurry to offer drivers for their products only during the testing period of Vista. All major hardware manufacturers support Vista today. For example, the development of drivers for almost all popular models of scanners for Linux is done by user communities, since the manufacturers do not support this OS at all.
For a dual-core processor, you'll need to purchase Vista Premium. This myth is caused by confusion in the specification of various Vista versions. Vista Home Edition really only supports one processor. But that doesn't mean it won't work on dual core computers. In this case, two processors are physically located on one crystal, which is called multiprocessing at the microprocessor level. For Microsoft, the definition of processor does not refer to the number of cores, but to the number of physical processors, as set out in the relevant licensing policy. So one dual-core processor will work at full load in any Vista version. But the Home Basic and Home Premium versions, in the case of several physical cores, will be able to recognize only one of them.
In Vista you will not be able to listen to music ripped from CDs. Among the many innovations, many users are intimidated by the mysterious digital rights management (DRM) service. People think that it will not allow media content to be played if it has not been legally purchased. Rumor has it that disks can be locked altogether if piracy is detected. In practice, there are no obstacles to playing audio and video files using Windows Media Player or Vista Media Center. Vista cannot find out about the legality of owning discs. Recordings imported from XP Media Center also play fine.
Vista is much more expensive than XP. First, Microsoft's pricing policy for the new OS has been expanded. Unlike XP, which had 2 versions, the user can choose from 4 options. If for XP the Home version cost $ 199, and the Professional version cost $ 299, then the following options were offered for Vista.
• Home Basic: $ 199;
• Home Premium: $ 239;
• Business: $ 299;
• Ultimate: $ 399.
If you look at editions comparable to both versions of XP, it turns out that the price has not changed at all. The cheapest version of Vista already includes the new Aero Glass interface, several additional multimedia applications, and Tablet PC functionality. The functionality of the Ultimate version is supplemented by several business applications, network functions, redundancy and security functions, which determines the cost of this option.
Vista is unpopular with users. Many criticize this product, considering it stillborn. In 2009, Microsoft released a second service pack that fixed many bugs in the system. Now there are much fewer complaints about Vista's work. Statistics show that in the operating system market, despite the dominance of Windows XP, Vista's presence is about 23%. For comparison, popular Apple products and Linux families each take up less than 10%. And the share of Vista is gradually growing, including due to other operating systems of the Windows family. This suggests that users are increasingly trusting the new operating system, and its shortcomings are just myths invented by unskilled users and competitors.