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Public transport is a complex of various types of transport that transport people and goods in the city and the nearest suburban area, as well as perform work related to the improvement of the city. If there are satellite cities and public recreation areas in the city system, remote from residential areas and industrial areas, public transport serves the entire metropolitan area.
Public transport is subdivided into street (tram, trolleybus, bus) and off-street high-speed (metro, high-speed tram, monorail, conveyor transport); light automobile transport (taxis, departmental and personal cars); two-wheeled vehicles (motorcycles, scooters, mopeds and bicycles); water transport (river "tram", motor and rowing boats, ferry crossings); air transport (helicopters).
Public transport is dirty, full of boors, beggars and thieves. Unfortunately, when moving along common roads, we do not always have the opportunity to choose a companion according to our hearts. Even being in a personal transport, a person can experience many unpleasant minutes: dirty cars that smoke at all, and drivers who swear and demonstrate obscene gestures towards us, and traffic inspectors who will always find something to find fault with. In public transport, these factors are the same, but in a much smaller volume - and Russian swearing is not so often heard here, and very few people allow themselves obscene gestures in the metro or tram, and controllers are not so strict with passengers. And if you paid for the fare on time - no problem at all. Is it dirty sometimes? So no one is forcing you to sit in this particular place - change, at least in the train, there is where. And you won't be forced to clean the seats - the employees do it every day. Beggars and thieves in public transport can only be found during rush hours, but car owners are raided by beggars at intersections, thieves of radio tape recorders, mirrors, etc.
Public transport is inconvenient. Perhaps not as comfortable as a personal car, but convenient or not is a moot point. After all, a tram or metro will take you to your place of work or home sometimes much faster than a private car that has been idle for a long time in traffic. And you can not pay attention to the road - sit yourself, read, enjoy the scenery, you can listen to music if you have a player. Would you like to have a beer or smoke? No problem - at any stop you can get out and satisfy your desires, and stretch at the same time.
The location of public transport stops doesn't always suit me. It should be remembered that when planning development, designers try to choose the most optimal location for the location of transport stops. Maybe the location of this or that stop is not quite suitable for you personally, but in the case of a private car, the problem of parking often arises, which is not always located near the house. This problem occurs at once in all places where you go, and, as a rule, gives car owners a lot of trouble (after all, even finding a suitable parking space takes a lot of time, and the troubles awaiting a car enthusiast in case of parking in places are not intended, needless to say).
Public transport is a relic of the past, the future belongs to the car. This opinion is wrong. Europe and America have long come to the conclusion that further motorization is impossible; the reverse process should be started immediately. Therefore, the institution of public transport in these countries has been developing very actively lately.
Public transport often causes accidents due to its size and sluggishness. In fact, public transport cars equipped with 4-5 brake systems (while there are only two of them in passenger cars) are more technically advanced, thanks to the design features, they move smoothly, without jerks. And public transport does not take up so much space on the road - it should be noted that there are many more people in the cabin than any car can accommodate. For example, a bus carrying 30 passengers (provided that only the seats are occupied), and much more during rush hours, occupies 30 m of the road. A tram (2 cars) carrying 120 passengers - 50 m. At the same time, a car carrying from 2 to 5 passengers - 25 meters.
In addition, only professionals who have undergone special training and internship can be allowed to operate the rolling stock of public transport. Such people show the utmost caution on the roads, unlike car drivers, many of whom are amateurs who adhere to the rule "I see the goal, I see no obstacles." According to statistics, despite their size, public transport wagons are much less likely to cause accidents than cars.
You can get to your destination much faster with your own transport than with public transport. Unfortunately, this statement is not always true. Of course, a trip out of town, a business trip (with an experienced driver), moving through the streets of a small town or traveling around a big city on a weekend in your own car will really be faster. But in a big city, and even at rush hour, it is best to use public transport, preferably underground (for example, the metro), which does not depend on traffic jams.
No one voluntarily replaces their own car for an inconvenient and not prestigious public transport. This opinion was true in the middle of the last century, when motorization was successfully replacing the annoying public transport. Nowadays, the problems of traffic jams, familiar to the inhabitants of any metropolis, and the monetary costs of maintaining a car (that is, the ever-increasing costs of parking and maintenance) forces the inhabitants of many developed countries to change their attitude towards public transport. It should be noted that personal transport in the West is only part of a well-developed transport infrastructure. A car is used most often only to take the owner to a public transport stop, next to which a parking lot is built. Further, the person continues the journey by train, metro, tram or bus.
Public transport should be self-sustaining. Misconception. After all, public transport is a socially important urban infrastructure, the main properties of which are accessibility, ubiquity and compliance with certain service quality standards. It is neither an economy nor a business, therefore it should not fill the budget and ensure self-sufficiency.
The privatization of public transport will not affect the fare. Unfortunately, privatized public transport is turning into a business that should generate income for the owner. For example, in London, where there are several private metro lines, privatized transport fares are very high.
Route taxis are more mobile than, for example, a bus or tram. Not necessary. The minibus, which left at the same time as the regular bus, does not overtake it much. This happens due to the fact that the driver of the minibus can stop the vehicle anywhere and as often as desired. And the desire of the drivers (and by no means always professionals) of the mentioned vehicles to make up for lost time causes inconvenience to passengers, and sometimes ends in an accident. In addition, fixed-route taxis do not always adhere to the schedule, therefore, no one guarantees that the minibus you need will arrive at the stop in the next 20 minutes.