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Fitness (English fitness, from the verb "to fit" - to fit, to be in good shape), a system of health-improving physical training and competitive discipline, the essence of which is to demonstrate a person's physical and mental health through his readiness for physical work.
In a narrow sense, fitness is a health-improving technique that allows you to change the shape of the body and its weight and to consolidate the achieved result for a long time. It includes physical exercise combined with a well-chosen diet.
Unlike aerobics, exercise and diet in fitness are selected individually - depending on the structure and characteristics of the figure. Everyone, without exception, regardless of age and state of health, even pregnant women, can practice this system.
There are many stereotypes and myths about fitness. Of course, every day more and more people go to the gym regularly, and many of them are quite savvy about diet and exercise - however, some misconceptions still stand in our path to health.
Fitness and you need to do either an hour a day, or not do it at all. The wrong approach. After all, even with short sessions, you can achieve success, improve your physical condition, and cheer up. It has been proven that even a half-hour walk (at an acceptable pace for you) three or more times a week helps to strengthen the immune system, normalize blood pressure, significantly reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and help get rid of stress.
Warming up the muscles before training is completely optional. Remember that by doing warm-up and stretching exercises before (and after) you protect your body from many painful injuries (such as sprains and inflammation of the tendons).
If nothing hurts after fitness, the loads were too small and the exercise itself is ineffective. This is not entirely true. Indeed, with muscle growth and endurance development, slight discomfort may appear. And the pain in the body that appears during exercise signals some kind of disorder. You cannot ignore it: you should either slow down the pace of the exercises, or end the workout.
By increasing the duration of exercise, rather than the intensity, you can lose weight faster. Misconception. If the goal of your workouts is to reduce body weight, you need to increase the amount of energy expended by the body, the rate of calorie burning, and, therefore, increase the intensity of training. However, one should not forget that it is necessary to increase the load gradually, especially after a long break in classes.
Long and hard fitness sessions will help you find your perfect shape. Not really, especially if you are doing it yourself. For best results, you should seek the help of a professional who can help you develop a personalized exercise program.
Yoga can replace fitness. In addition, such activities require much less physical effort. Of course, yoga is a great way to keep yourself in shape. But some asanas will require a lot of physical and sometimes mental stress from you. Therefore, it should be remembered that for the best results, and for your own safety, it is better to practice yoga under the guidance of an experienced instructor.
The health benefits of taijiquan and yoga complexes have not been scientifically proven. This is not true. Nowadays, many scientists are engaged in research on the effects of Taijiquan and yoga on the human body. It has been scientifically proven that practicing Taijiquan regularly can help treat low back pain and fibromyalgia. And yoga classes, according to European doctors, improve flexibility, balance, coordination, posture, increase physical strength, increase the resistance of the student.
Only by exercising can you lose those extra pounds. Of course, fitness is an essential part of the weight management package. But besides exercise, there are other factors to consider, such as diet and metabolic rate.
Swimming doesn't help you lose weight. Completely erroneous opinion. After all, swimming in the most natural and extremely effective way develops muscles and helps burn excess calories.
If you hurt yourself during fitness, a warm compress will help. In both sports and domestic injuries of the knee, shoulder, elbow, heat should not be used in any case, since this will only increase internal bleeding and swelling, respectively, increasing pain. It is best to use cold to reduce pain and swelling.
The ideal food before class is meat. Both meat and other foods rich in protein are not the best source of energy. It is better to eat foods rich in carbohydrates (potatoes, bread) before training. It is carbohydrates that are most easily transformed into energy.
You cannot drink water while exercising - there may be cramps. This is not the case - you can drink water before, during, and immediately after fitness. You just need to make sure that the liquid you use is not too cold.
It is best to practice early in the morning. This statement is not acceptable to everyone. Someone really gets a boost of vivacity for the whole day from morning exercises, while for someone physical exercise after work is a great opportunity to get rid of the accumulated tension and stress.
Doing fitness at home is not as effective as exercising at the gym. Of course, when drawing up a training program, you need to consult a specialist, but you choose the place and time of training. The only thing to remember is that your workouts should be regular and enjoyable.
Exercise does not affect the state of mind. Scientists have proven that regular (at least 2-3 times a week for 20-30 minutes) exercise (especially if you are over 40) not only helps to maintain a healthy and beautiful body, but also significantly reduces the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer's disease in old age.