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Blood donation is a voluntary donation of blood by a person. The very concept comes from the Latin "donare", which means to give.
According to statistics, transfusions are made annually to one and a half million Russians, and on Earth every third one at least once needed donor blood. It is required for patients who have suffered from burns, injuries, during complex operations, childbirth, as well as for patients with hemophilia or anemia.
World Blood Donor Day is celebrated annually on June 14. Donation has always been considered an honorable occupation, encouraged morally and financially. However, despite the shortage of blood, many are simply afraid to become donors. This is due to numerous myths, which we will consider below.
Donation is contagious. Rumor has it that donors can pick up some kind of infection when donating blood. With the modern level of medicine, this is absolutely impossible. All transfusion instruments are disposable. After use, all this is disposed of, so that the risk of infection is zero.
Nobody needs a rare blood type. Many refuse to participate in the program, as their rare and rare group is hardly needed by anyone. Others, on the contrary, believe that their group is the most common and widespread and there is no need for it. To say so and so is a big mistake. After all, there are also many people with a common blood group, which means that many donors and blood are required for them. But there are very few people with a rare blood group (for example, the fourth or with a negative Rh factor), therefore, there is a shortage of donors for such patients. Therefore, every donor with a rare blood group is important.
Donors are getting fat. Probably, the authors of this myth were donors who adore sweets and lead a sedentary lifestyle. These people cannot admit that they are gaining weight because of their lifestyle and diet. So the myth was born about the influence of donation on weight. In fact, donating blood does not have any particular effect on weight. They do not grow fat or lose weight from her.
Donation entails a deterioration in complexion. This is a misconception, on the contrary, regular donors have healthy skin color and blush. The fact is that during the donation of blood, the body renews itself, since excess blood is removed, as well as its components that are formed evolutionarily. As soon as a person donates his blood, the body receives a signal that it is time to renew itself. As a result, the body carries out the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system, digestive disorders, improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Accordingly, the result is obvious - clean healthy skin. You can remember the method of treatment with leeches, during which bloodsuckers suck blood. The essence of the treatment is absolutely the same. So it has long been known about the benefits of a little bloodletting.
Donation is harmful, because the body loses precious blood. Our ancestors, who lived in the wilderness, often lost blood as a result of trauma and wounds. Today man is much more protected. He does not have to climb rocks and fight for a piece of food with wild animals. But nature provides us with a supply of blood, according to old memory. Sometimes it will even be useful to dump this stock, and it is better to share it with those who need it.
Donation is essentially unnatural. A person who has been injured always strives to stop bleeding, while the donor, on the contrary, gives blood. The fact is that donation also trains an additional non-specific reaction of the body to the loss of itself. As a result, in a critical case, a donor, even with a large blood loss, has a better chance of surviving than a person who has never donated blood. Donating blood will be especially useful for women who lose a large amount of it during childbirth. Although the blood balance is replenished in a month, the body seems to remember a stressful situation for itself and already knows how to behave in such cases.
Donation, like a drug, is addictive. There is even an unscientific term "chronic donation syndrome", which means this phenomenon. In fact, nothing like this is observed in people who donate blood, there are no complications associated with regular donation of blood by a person.
Donation has a "national color", people of a certain nationality are better suited for the blood of a donor of the same nationality. The fact is that at the cellular level, all people have the same blood composition. Each of us has lymphocytes, platelets, erythrocytes, etc. in it. The blood has 4 groups - I, II, III, IV. Also, people with the same blood group may have a different Rh factor. 85% have Rh positive, and 15 - negative. Donor blood with the same Rh and the same group is suitable for the recipient. There are no more differences in blood. There are no features that characterize a person's nationality.
Blood carries a part of a person's individuality. The recipient can get habits or beliefs from the donor. There is nothing in blood that carries information about our beliefs, beliefs, or habits. But the way of life lays a certain imprint on the blood. She can talk about viruses that live in the body, and abuse - smoking and alcohol. Therefore, it is very important for the donor to monitor his health, since he is responsible not only for himself, but also for the person to whom his blood will get.
The church has an unfavorable attitude towards donation, it is alien to religion. Allegedly, this opinion is heard from the TV screens. However, confusion is most likely with another phenomenon. The fact is that there is a lively debate in the media about cloning and the associated procedure for stem cell donation. The church has an ambiguous attitude to such phenomena. But blood donation is an act of mercy, since by this a person realizes the desire to help in saving someone else's life. Representatives of the main religions - Christianity, Judaism, Islam, are favorable to such an act.
Donation is harmful to the biofield, as a puncture with a needle damages energy integrity. For traditional medicine, such a statement generally makes little sense. As for the ancient philosophy, it is enough to remember acupuncture (acupuncture or acupuncture). Literally, the word "acupuncture" means "needle prick" in Latin. This very method of treatment originated in ancient China, where medicine was inextricably linked with human spirituality. These treatments are now spreading around the world. And ask yourself what is more harmful for the biofield: a needle prick or a bad deed expressed in refusing to help your neighbor?
A gay person cannot be a donor. In Russia, starting in 2006, activists of the gay movement sought to amend the law on donation, in which gays were rejected, along with other persons at risk (drug addicts, prostitutes). Homosexuals, defending their civil rights, in addition to official appeals to the Prosecutor General's Office, carried out protests. And their calls were crowned with success. On April 16, 2008, the withdrawal from homosexual blood donation was canceled.