British empire

British empire

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It seems that the monarchy is a relic of the past. However, some states were never able to get rid of the monarchy.

Somewhere the king has complete power, but in most cases it is still very constitutionally very limited. She has already become a symbol of the country, like tea, football or Big Ben.

But many people either know little about this phenomenon, or attribute non-existent features to it. That is why we will try to debunk the most popular myths about the British monarchy.

Myths about the British Empire

Elizabeth II - Queen of England. This very definition is erroneous. Acts of the Union were adopted more than 400 years ago. Elizabeth is the monarch of not only England, but also 16 other countries. That is, she is the Queen of Great Britain, the United Kingdom. To call her the queen of only one of the parts of the union is insulting to others, for the same Scotland. Indeed, when referring to the monarch, it is quite possible to call him the head of another part. Thus, Elizabeth II is also the Queen of Canada, no less than the Queen of Scots. Interestingly, in each of the countries under its control, it has its own official title. So, in New Zealand she is called "Her Majesty Elizabeth II, by God's grace Queen of New Zealand and its other kingdoms and territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith."

All members of the royal family are princes and princesses. This myth concerns mainly females. In fact, Princess Diana did not officially exist. No, no, there was such a person, only she was not a princess. This is a fairly common myth that concerns not only Diana. For example, Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge, is called Princess Kate. Diana was called the Princess of Wales. But this title is never received in connection with marriage, only members of the royal family receive it by birthright. And such persons are called princesses only out of politeness. In Catherine's case, it is correct to say Her Royal Highness Princess of William of Wales, and Diana should be appropriately named Her Royal Highness Princess Charles.

Prince Philip is the king of England. It makes sense that if Elizabeth is queen, then her husband, Prince Philip, should be considered king. Despite a long historical tradition, this rule does not work in England. Here, if a woman accepts the title of husband when she marries, the opposite does not always work. That is why, before the wedding of Philip Mountbatten and Princess Elizabeth, the man received the title of Duke of Edinburgh. Prior to that, he was a born Prince of Greece. But he never became king.

The Queen does not pay taxes. The current queen's father, George VI, has always fought to avoid paying taxes. He considered it a royal privilege. Every few years, a financial debate was held in Parliament on this matter. Ultimately, it was decided that the queen should pay taxes, just not everything. Her Royal Majesty has been exempted from stamp duty, inheritance tax. And on all private estates, for example, the Duchy of Lancaster, income tax is paid. The Queen also pays capital gains tax.

The Queen has two birthdays. Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926, receiving the title of Princess of York. This event is celebrated on the first Saturday in June as the Trooping The Color or the Queen's Birthday Parade. Even the great-grandfather of Elizabeth II, King Edward VII, set the date for such a celebration for June. This month the weather was the best for the celebration. Edward VII himself was born in November, when in England one cannot count on sunny and clear days. Since then, the monarch's birthday has always been celebrated in the summer, regardless of the actual date. Currently, the exact birthday is celebrated only in a narrow circle of the family, but on this day fireworks from 41 volleys are thundering.

The Queen has a driver's license. In fact, this is the only person in the UK who does not legally need a driver's license. Her car doesn't need a license plate either. That this is a royal car is indicated by the crown painted on a red background behind the windshield. The crowned driver prefers not to wear seat belts. And Elizabeth II learned to drive a car during the Second World War, when she used the service of the Additional Territorial Service. She also learned then to repair cars. But other members of the royal family, including Prince Philip, do not have the privilege of driving without a license plate.

The queen rules the country. Since the Magna Carta was signed by King John Lackland in 1215, no king or queen in England has actually ruled over it. The absolute monarchy was limited, the queen reigns, working with the government. This form of government is called a constitutional monarchy. The Queen reigns "over us", in keeping with the words of the national anthem "Long reign over us, God save the Queen."

The queen wears the crown at all times. This is a pretty funny myth. The queen does not wear her crown all the time, for a simple reason. Her name is comfort. Only one crown is used regularly, the Crown of the British Empire. It looks beautiful and richly decorated, but it also weighs over 1.1 kilograms. An elderly woman avoids wearing this item for a long time, which gives off a pain in the neck. The crown is worn once a year at the opening ceremony of Parliament. The appearance of the monarch in this form symbolizes his power. And a few days before that, the queen from time to time tries on a crown, getting used to its weight. Prince Charles said that one of his most vivid childhood memories was how his mother washed him with a crown on her head, preparing for the ceremony. It looked pretty funny. In general, Her Majesty has many common hats for everyday life.

We're not thrilled. Queen Victoria was, without a doubt, one of the most popular queens in history. She is credited with many trends and trends, including wearing a white wedding dress. She is known for her phrase "We're not thrilled." It was believed that the queen could not show violently her emotions, especially rage. And with such a restrained, stately phrase, Victoria showed discontent from the whole of Great Britain. In fact, such words, most likely, were not uttered for the first time by her, but by one of the waiting court ladies. And in the cases described by biographers, when the queen said this phrase, she meant herself. Although it may seem strange that a person calls himself in the plural, it is not uncommon for crowned persons. For centuries, the word "we" or the plural has denoted the sovereign's power and power as the leader of a nation.

The next king will not be Charles, but his son William. This is absolutely impossible from the point of view of the constitution. The principles of succession to the British throne do not take into account the popularity of persons among the people. Charles doesn't really have a choice, he just got ahead of his son in the line of succession. He can refuse this only by dying or by marrying a Catholic woman. Charles has been preparing for his role for over 60 years, he is not going to give it up. Many monarchs in the history of England came to power, being unpopular, but then all of them were able to successfully get used to the role. Undoubtedly, the current heir to the throne will also succeed in this. There is only one way for William to enter the throne with his father alive. This will happen if he abdicates the throne. This happened with Edward VIII, uncle of Elizabeth II, which is remembered by some still living. But it is difficult to imagine due to the numerous delays in the implementation of such a procedure.

At Buckingham Palace, the guards are hired actors. Looking at the diligently marching guards near the palace, at their bright outfits, it seems that they are just actors in disguise. In fact, these are quite real soldiers, from one of the five regiments of foot guards. One half of their duties is devoted to these very ceremonies near the palace, while the other involves carrying out ordinary soldier's service. Such is the nature of their work that they can beautifully guard Buckingham Palace one week, and the next they can already be sent to some hot spot somewhere on the other side of the planet. The guardsmen not only decorate the palace, but are also part of the royal security. The weapon is loaded with live ammunition, so that, if necessary, be able to protect the queen.

The Queen can be called "Her Royal Highness". Only relatives of the ruling monarch are called so. The queen herself is usually called "Her Majesty". There are only three other types of royals who are eligible for such treatment: the king, if there is one, the reigning queen or the king's consort, and the queen dowager, who is also the queen mother. The Queen cannot be called Highness, this is a mistake.

The queen is old, she simply does not catch modern trends. In fact, Her Majesty is a very technologically advanced person, giving odds even to many young ones. She sent her first email from a military base back in 1976. The Queen owns a mobile phone, which she uses to communicate with her grandchildren.

The monarchy is outdated and generally useless. Many people think that the Republic of Great Britain would look better in the modern world. However, the monarchy gives the country stability, continuity and distinctive qualities. Yes, this form of government is dying out - only 28 monarchies remain in the country. It is difficult for them to adapt to the modern world, but Great Britain managed to do this by forming the Commonwealth. The monarchy helps to improve relations between its member countries.

The queen has no rights at all. The constitutionality of the monarchy does not mean its powerlessness. The Queen is far from just a symbol that exists by tradition and for beauty. In England, the monarch has the right to declare war, without giving reasons and without legislative confirmation. The Queen can dismiss parliament or government. Every year, she addresses the parliament with a message, voicing her demands to it, in fact, shaping state policy. It is the queen who must appoint the prime minister. By tradition, this is the leader of the party that won the elections, but in theory, the choice can be anything. It is the queen who formally leads the army.

The Queen's rights are limited by the Constitution. Although England is considered a constitutional monarchy, there is no single law, a Constitution in our understanding. It is being replaced by regulations, constitutional customs and precedents.

Watch the video: How did Germany Get so Strong after Losing WW1? Animated History (July 2022).


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