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Today, the term "botox" appears more and more in cosmetics. Someone worships him, others condemn. There are even those who cannot live without it. What is botox - an investment in beauty or an enemy of the body? In fact, this is the name of a drug based on the powerful poison botulinum toxin A. Its scientists began to study it back in the middle of the last century, having discovered that it can release acetylcholine from the nerve endings of a neuron, thereby relaxing the muscles.
The action turned out to be possible to purposefully use, as a result of which the drug began to be used in ophthalmology, first in the treatment of strabismus. And Dr. Jean Carruthers was able to draw attention to botox of cosmetologists. Carruthers realized that this was the result of relaxing the facial muscles.
Currently, Botox is almost the main weapon in the fight against aging. So is it worth being afraid of, or does it really help preserve beauty? Our information on Botox is based in part on myths and should be explored in more detail.
Botox should not be used in youth as a preventive measure against wrinkles. From the point of view of legality, patients from the age of 18 can be offered Botox injections. This nuance causes skepticism in many - what kind of wrinkles can be at such a tender age? In fact, according to doctors, wrinkles can appear if the patient has hyperactive facial expressions. In this case, injections will be an investment in beauty. And if at this age you do not get Botox injections, then at 25 years old, deep mimic wrinkles can form on the face, in the area of the nasolabial folds or on the forehead. However, it is important to remember that Botox is good for preventing expression wrinkles, not static ones. The latter appear due to weakening of muscle tone, natural sagging of tissues after 45-50 years. This is due to the thinning of the subcutaneous fat layer.
Botox is a dangerous poison whose injections can lead to the development of diseases. It is true that Botox is a toxin. However, in cosmetology, safe doses are used. They have a point effect and do not lead to the development of diseases.
Thanks to Botox, you can smooth out any wrinkles. As we mentioned earlier, Botox can only smooth out fine lines and wrinkles. The injections lead to temporary paralysis of the muscles, as a result of which the skin above them can no longer move, as before, and thereby form wrinkles. Botox is most often used in the upper third of the face, on the forehead and in the eyebrows. For the middle third, the drug is needed to weaken the muscle that forms the nasolabial fold. Smoker's Botox can get rid of purse string wrinkles. It also helps to lift the corners of the mouth if the upper gum is exposed. And in the lower third, Botox is used for the chin and neck muscles. But on static wrinkles, which are present at rest, the remedy no longer works.
Botox can cause muscle atrophy. Those small doses that cosmetologists use cannot lead to muscle atrophy. But if you get too carried away with the drug - carry out procedures more often than once a year, and even without myostimulation between injections, then this can lead to sagging muscles and their weakening. Then it is already possible to talk about getting used to the drug, to the desire to correct the situation at all costs.
After drug injections, there are no requirements for patient behavior. First of all, doctors do not recommend touching the injection site for 3-4 hours after the procedure. During this period, it is necessary to maintain the vertical position of the face and actively work with facial expressions. The fact is that the toxin will act faster on working muscles. But saunas, baths and solariums will have to be abandoned for a week, as well as active sports.
Botox is not allergic. In fact, its use can lead to an allergic reaction. But it is not caused by the botulism toxin itself, but by the protein compounds present in the preparation. If a person is allergic to protein (usually milk), then one should expect an allergy to Botox. In this situation, there is an alternative - a protein-free analogue of botox, xeomin. It is prescribed for patients with allergies.
Botox works for all people. It turns out that the body of about one in a thousand people does not react in any way to botox. It is believed that antibodies that block the action of Botox may be the cause. In other words, those who have an innate immunity to botulinum toxin will not be injected with the drug. Cosmetologists have noticed that some people stop taking botox after frequent injections. However, in this case, the immunity is unstable. Such patients are advised to abandon the use of Botox for a year, replacing it with analogues to combat expression wrinkles.
For the effect to appear, several injections of Botox must be given. The effect will be after the first injection, however, it will not be noticeable immediately. Changes can appear in a day or 3-5 days. Sometimes you have to wait even two weeks. This is a purely individual question.
You can inject as often as you like. The instructions for use of the drug indicate that it is not recommended to carry out the procedure more often than once every three months. Doctors recommend waiting until the effect is completely gone, then letting the muscles work as usual for a couple of months and only then repeat the procedure.
There is a great alternative to botox in the form of modern creams and serums. The effect, similar to that of Botox, can be partially repeated by products containing snake venom. But to obtain a result, these drugs must be used for a long time, at least six months. And the result will be less pronounced than after one injection.
Botox injections have no contraindications. There is a considerable list of contraindications that prevent Botox injections. These include problems with the liver and kidneys, circulatory system, diseases of the immune system, pregnancy and lactation, inflammation of the skin, a tendency to edema, acute phases of infectious diseases and taking antibiotics. So, feeling unhealthy, you should not rush to the procedure - it is better to consult with a doctor first.
Special preparation is required before the procedure. All preparation is, perhaps, in morale. The preparation in the form of a powder is diluted in a special solution, and then it is enclosed in a syringe with a needle. On the patient's face, the doctor marks the places for the intended injections; the person is asked to strain the muscles beforehand. This can be achieved with the help of facial expressions: squint, frown, or feign surprise. Only then the seated patient is given injections. People themselves claim that the procedure is accompanied by painful sensations, but relatively tolerable.
Addiction can develop from Botox. Addiction can indeed develop from Botox, but not physiological, but psychological. The patient can get used to the positive effect that comes immediately after the procedure. But if you start to abuse injections, then the body may simply stop responding to them.