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Atheism is a worldview in which a person denies the existence of some unearthly supernatural forces (spirits, Gods, immaterial beings). Some religions are considered atheistic because they do not have a personified God.
Atheists are usually skeptical of supernatural beings, as there is no scientific evidence for their existence. Many find the roots of this trend in science, philosophy, history. Atheists have no common ideology or line of conduct.
Initially, these people were perceived only as opponents of the established religion, later they began to highlight their own philosophical position. With the development of freedom of speech and thought, atheists were able to identify themselves, take a confident position in society. In the world about 12% of non-religious people, but only 2.3% consider themselves to be atheists.
Today, for example, in the United States, being an atheist means depriving yourself of a political career. It is easier for a black man to become a president, or a homosexual senator. Only about a third of voters would vote for an atheist president. In the eyes of the American public, atheists appear as immoral blind people who do not see the beauty of nature and soul.
One of the philosophers of the Enlightenment, John Locke, even said that the spread of atheism must be prevented in every possible way, since "promises, agreements and oaths, which are the obligations of human societies, cannot have any power over an atheist."
For 300 years, little has changed. Today in the United States, about 87% of the population have never doubted the existence of a higher power. Less than 10% of citizens identify themselves as atheists and their reputation does not improve. Atheists often come from intelligent and educated people. Consider the myths about them that prevent this stratum of people from playing a significant role in the spiritual life of society.
Myths about atheism
Atheists rely on the meaninglessness of life. In fact, these believers are more worried about the meaning of life, believing that they will receive redemption and eternal happiness in the afterlife. Atheists value all the preciousness of the life given to them. Life sparkles with colors for those who feel alive, give themselves completely to their feelings. Relationships with our loved ones and loved ones are important here and now, because they will not last forever. Atheists see the assertion that life is meaningless in itself meaningless.
All the most terrible crimes against humanity were caused by atheism. The crimes of Stalin, Hitler, Mao and Pol Pot are said to have been the product of their disbelief. However, the problem of communism, like fascism, is precisely that they themselves are too similar to religion, and not just critical of it. Such regimes are characterized by dogmas, they proclaim a cult of personality, like a religious cult. Auschwitz, Gulag is not a consequence of deviation from religious concepts and dogmas, it is a consequence of political, nationalistic and racial dogmas at the highest stage of excitement. There was no society in the history of mankind that would suffer from the rational approach of its members to life.
Atheism is riddled with dogmas. In the scriptures of Christians, Muslims, Jews, it is stated that it is their teaching that is the only true, and the books were written with the help of an all-knowing deity. Atheists, on the other hand, try to consider all statements, read scientific literature and doubt dogmas. On faith they do not take unreasonable religious positions. Historian Henry Roberts once interestingly stated: "I affirm that we are both atheists. I only believe one god less than you. When you understand why you reject all other possible gods, you will understand why I reject yours." ...
Atheisms believe that everything in the universe came about for random reasons. Nobody knows the mechanisms of the origin of the Universe and its further development. It is not even clear whether we can operate with the concepts of "beginning" or "creation", since we are talking about the space-time continuum. For some reason, criticism of the theory of non-randomness of the Universe is considered to be an opposition to the Darwinian theory of development. In his book The Illusion of God, Richard Dawkins considers this approach to be a natural misunderstanding of the essence of evolution. We cannot yet find out how the early chemistry of the planet led to the emergence of living biological species, but one thing is clear - the resulting complexity and diversity of the animal world cannot be the result of a simple accident. All development is a combination of natural selection and random mutation. Darwin came to his definition of "natural selection" by analogy with "artificial selection" carried out by breeders. But in either case, the selection is not random.
Atheism has nothing to do with science. There are scientists who believe in God, how they do it is another question. After all, there is not a single religious issue, reflecting on which from a scientific point of view, there would be no thoughts about the destruction of faith. For example, in America, almost 90% of the broad masses believe in a personal God, while among the members of the local Academy of Sciences there are only 7% of them. It follows that it is science that is the main force opposing religion.
Atheists are famous for their arrogance. Scientists fully admit their own ignorance of some issues - how the Universe arose, how molecules copy each other. It is unacceptable for them to demonstrate knowledge in areas with large gaps, this is a great responsibility. But this approach is just characteristic of religion. Believers, despite their humility, claim to know something about chemistry, biology and space that scientists do not know. Atheists, on the other hand, turn to science to understand the essence of such things as, for example, the nature of the cosmos and the place of humanity in it. This is their right based on intellectual honesty, not arrogance.
Atheisms do not accept spiritual experience. Atheists, like all living people, experience feelings - love, fear, excitement, inspiration. They value this experience and seek it out in life. Only atheists do not make unfounded conclusions based on such feelings and the nature of reality. Yes, many believers have changed their lives for the better by spending time reading holy books and praying. But this only proves that there are disciplines of attention and rules of behavior that affect a person, his behavior and consciousness. The positive experiences of Buddhists, do they mean that Buddha is the only messiah of mankind? All believers and atheists have this experience. Many non-Christians fully admit that Jesus was bearded, but much less people believe in his birth from a virgin and resurrection. This indicates that on the basis of spiritual experience alone, it is impossible to assert the authenticity of anything.
Atheists limit life to human life and understanding. Atheists admit that the boundaries of human knowledge of the world have their limits. It is clear to them that we do not fully perceive the Universe, and the sacred texts do not help in understanding the world. Atheists fully admit that somewhere in space there is a complex life. These beings could well have realized nature on a different level, much higher than ours. Atheists fully admit that for these highly evolved extraterrestrials, the content of sacred books may be even less authoritative than for earthly "unbelievers." Atheism believes that any religion simplifies the real world, its beauty. And for such a conclusion, it is enough not to take statements on faith without the corresponding fact.
Atheists do not accept the fact that religion is beneficial to society. For those who believe that faith is beneficial, it is not obvious that religion itself does not prove the truth of its doctrine. Self-deception and "desirable thoughts" reign on this path. Truth and comforting error are not the same thing. No one denies the benefits of faith. But in most cases, the reasons for good behavior are not real desire, but religious motives. Is it better to help out of compassion, or by believing that the act will be marked by God and rewarded later?
Atheism does not build a foundation for ethics. If a person accepts cruelty, then for him and in the Bible it will not be, as well as in his own life - after all, it is so natural for him. Ethics does not come from religion. A person decides what is good for him and what is bad, referring to his moral feelings, acting on the level of intuition. Such is the nature of man, formed by thousands of years of thinking about the conditions and causes of human happiness. During this period, a person made significant moral progress and non-sacred texts were the reason for this. Indeed, in them, for example, the practice of slavery is condoned, although every modern man considers this unacceptable. Good motives in holy books can be judged for wisdom and ethics, but without the belief that it is brought in from outside by some creator of all things.