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Albinism is a congenital condition of the body in which a special pigment, melanin, is completely or partially absent in it.
It is he who is responsible for the coloring of hair, eyes and skin. Nature can "play a trick" so not only with mammals, but also with reptiles, birds, amphibians and fish.
However, you should not be afraid of them, only if it is not a white lion in your house, there is also nothing to feel sorry for them, but it will be interesting and entertaining to learn more about them.
Albinism is not a disease at all, but an inherited anomaly. It is for this reason that albinism is not transmitted by bodily contact, as well as by blood transfusion or by airborne droplets. You shouldn't listen to pseudo-specialists and be afraid of the company of albinos. You can safely take a white frog in your arms, nothing dangerous will happen to you.
The dark pigment melanin protects the skin from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It is thanks to this fact that albinos "burn out" in the open sun very quickly. For this, albino animals in zoos are even smeared with special sunscreen so that they can delight visitors without harming their covers.
Lack of melanin in albino eyes leads to increased daytime light sensitivity. But at night albinos, on the contrary, see very well. Their eyes capture almost all the available light.
Albino animals have red eyes due to the color of blood in the retinal vessels. In humans, such a picture is very rare, in our eyes, however, there is usually a shading pigment, which colors the iris in a pale blue or yellow color.
Albinos develop similarly to their counterparts, not differing either in terms of health or in terms of offspring. And several generations of albinos can even form a genetically resistant breed, as happens in domesticated pigeons and ferrets.
Albinos have supersensitive skin to the sun, so they have a much higher risk of developing malignant tumors. It was from skin cancer that the unique albino gorilla Snowball died recently at the Barcelona zoo. This male was the father of 22 cubs, but none of them was albino. Snowball lived for 40 years, which is quite a long time for a gorilla.
Albino animals have a low percentage of survival in the wild, as their whiteness helps predators hunt them. In the wild, most albinos die in their youth, even before reaching puberty.
In civilizations with a low level of culture and tolerance, albino people are doomed to be outcasts, they are blamed for imperfect actions. Unfortunately, there are almost half of such cultures in the world. In Africa, albino blacks have the status of animals, and an amulet made from their skin protects against damage and the evil eye. White negroids are considered cursed in Jamaica. It's sad, but humans are usually much more tolerant and with great love for albino animals.
The most famous albino on the planet is the Migalu humpback whale, which lives off the coast of Australia. We met him in 1991, the last large photographs of the whale showed that he was suffering from sunburn and skin cancer. Migalu has the status of a sacred animal and is protected by the state in every possible way. Approaching him closer than 500 meters is prohibited on pain of a fine.
The white color of an animal does not at all mean that it is albino. An example is the rare white peacock, although many are convinced that he is an albino. In fact, it's just that kind of breed. And the famous white tigers are not albinos. The fact is that felines with a white color, including lions, suffer from leukism. With this disease, the skin of animals lacks all pigments in general, and not just melanin.